Wednesday, November 20, 2019

What does keratin do to your hair

What does keratin do to your hair?


Keratin is found naturally in hair. Did you know keratin is a major part of your hair, and as you well know, keratin helps condition your hair. Keratin is actually a protein in which gives hair its structure and strength. What does keratin do to your hair is a common question asked before deciding to get a keratin treatment. 


Keratin makes hair less frizzy, more fashionable, and straighter. Keratin works by smoothing down the cells that overlap each other along the hair shaft. Tiny cuticles overlap each other like shingles on a roof to make up your hair strands. Layers of cells (called the hair cuticle) come together to create the outside layer of hair. The outside layer contains keratin. Keratin is a topical treatment that makes your hair very smooth, manageable, full-looking, and shiny. Keratin treatments can last up to 2 months. After having a Keratin treatment, use sulfate-free shampoos to make your treatment last longer.


Keratin hair treatments

What Keratin Does Pros and Cons
Pros Cons
Get that smooth shiny look Some keratin treatments contain formaldehyde, which can be dangerous if inhaled.
Usually last a long time, 2 to 4 months Treatments can be expensive between $200 to $800
Hair becomes much more manageable Not washing you hair can be hard
Reduce the look of split-ends Not swimming might make it harder for some
Hair dries much quicker Not recommended for pregnant women
Strengthen and fortifies hair

5 things you need to know about Keratin
  1. Keratin protein coats hair cuticles
  2. Helps eliminate frizz and adds shine
  3. Expect more manageable hair
  4. Keratin treatments lasts between 2 and 4 months
  5. To ensure best results use gentle products
Keratin Oil For Detangling
Keratin conditioner

Did you know Keratin is one of a family of structural fibrous proteins. It is the key structural material that makes up hair, nails, horns, claws, hooves, and the skin's outer layer. Keratin is also the protein that protects epithelial cells against damage or stress.

To get a better understanding let's take a quick look at hair, what is it and is it really made up of dead cells? According to Matthew Hoffman, MD,

"Hair is made up of keratin"

Keratin and your hair


Keratin is a protein that is the main structural material making up hair, nails and in animals horns, feathers, claws and hooves. So it's not just in humans. And since it's a protein it's not alive. There are no nerve cells in hair. So when you get a hair cut you feel no pain.

Keratin is also a protein that prevents damage or stress to epithelial cells. In water and organic solvents, keratin is extremely insoluble. Now that being said keratin is not a magic solution that automatically repairs damaged hair. To find out more read my article on does damaged hair grow back healthy. In this article I also go into products that will help restore damaged hair and what you can expect.

Also another great article on this site is how to protect hair from damage. you are not going to want to miss reading this one! If you have ever had hair damage then you know one big question is how to protect your hair from damage. After all you do not want to have hair damage again, right? In this article I'll discuss tips to help prevent damaged hair.

Keratin monomers form intermediate filaments that are tough and form strong un-mineralized epidermal attachments found in reptiles, birds, amphibians and mammals.

There are many combs that are infused with Keratin oil to help with static electricity. These combs infused with keratin oil seem to work better than other combs when it come to reducing static.
If you are battling a lot of static in your hair then you are going to want to read my article on why does my hair get static when I brush it.

What Is A Keratin Treatment?


There are several hair care developments and treatments to keep up with but there's one I'd like to write about, keratin treatments in particular. If you're unfamiliar, a hair treatment with keratin is a salon product that aims to offer straight hair with plenty of shine and a smooth texture at one time. Also, there's some important stuff you should learn before you book your appointment for a keratin smoothing procedure. For example, different hair textures may react differently to keratin treatments, from dry hair to curly hair to frizzy hair.

What is a basic keratin treatment for your hair?


Although there are various basic types of keratin treatment formulations for your hair, the basic principle is that according to the American Academy of Dermatology (AAD), a professional hairstylist can use a combination of chemicals and heat to straighten and rearrange the natural bonds in your hair, generally using glutaraldehyde or formaldehyde. After application of the chemical solution to the hair, the stylist may usually add a keratin protein conditioner to keep the hair from being too dry and brittle. If all goes well, the end result is straighter, more smoother-looking locks. According to the National Biotechnology Information Center (NCBI), this common hair treatment method now goes through a wide variety of name that I am sure you have heard of. They are Hair Botox, Brazilian Blowout and Acetic Acid Treatment just to name a few.

Who can benefit from a Keratin treatment?


If you have wavy hair then you can benefit from a Keratin treatment. A keratin treatment is intended to relax your hair. However, keratin therapies do not do very well on hair that is tightly kinked. Natural hair bonds are just too tight to rearrange. Talk to a hair professional before you commit to a treatment. You hair professional can guide you through what are the best options for your particular hair type and texture.

It's important to note this kind of treatment affects the hair fiber's chemical structure, understanding the process and how it can influence the particular makeup of your hair strands are important. And  according to studies by the Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology, in some cases unacceptably high formaldehyde concentrations may be used in these treatments. This can cause damage to your hair so doing your homework is crucial and also working with a professional you can trust.

Use a shampoo for keratin-treated hair or specifically formulated for chemically straightened hair without any sulfates, salts, or other surfactants. Chemically treated hair requires extra nourishment in order to remain hydrated, so skipping conditioner is not recommended.

How to take care of your hair after a Keratin treatment?


It's extremely important to take extra measures in care for your hair after a Keratin treatment. You should consider using an improved shampoo and conditioner and consider a program that includes a hair mask or leave-in conditioner. You should strive to work into your hair care routine certain safeguards to keep your hair strands looking good. It's important to note anytime after you add strong chemicals to your hair, whether it's when you dye your hair with permanent hair color or when you undergo a keratin treatment.

The end result is you will have sleeker hair without having to use a hair straighter. Just remember to take the extra precautions and use hydrate your hair regularly to keep that beautiful sleek style.

Are Keratin treatments dangerous?


Keratin treatments are dangerous due to one of the ingredients used in most conventional salon formulations associated with keratin treatments is formaldehyde. It is described by the Centers for Disease Control (CDC) as a colorless, strong-smelling gas typically used to make building materials, household products such as glue and fiberboard, and used as a preservative when dissolved in the water. It's responsible for keeping hair in a nice shiny, straight and smooth condition for months at a time.

But there are some keratin treatments that do not contain formaldehyde (a known carcinogen). Instead, they contain ingredients such as methylene glycol, formalin, methanal and methanediol which release the carcinogenic compound when mixed with water during the treatment process. So while the solution might be theoretically formaldehyde-free, it isn't combined with water yet.

This poses potential danger not only for you but also for the salon technicians who regularly preform the treatments in confined spaces. The CDC reports common formaldehyde exposure side effects which include sore throat, nose bleeds, and scratchy eyes. The U.S. In 1987 This has been listed by the Environmental Protection Agency as a material which could potentially cause cancer if exposed for a long time. The U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) also warns those exposed to possible health hazards and states that ingredients and products claiming to be safe, organic, or formaldehyde free might not be entirely accurate.

Such so-called keratin treatments can also cause significant harm to your hair over time. Treatment requires high heat to lock the hair in place, and for those with super-fine or damaged hair, it is not recommended. When you are looking for a less destructive, completely formaldehyde-free treatment, ask your salon if instead they use a glyoxylic acid-containing treatment. They do not straighten hair as drastically (they are more for shine enhancement and battling frizz), but they are much healthier as well.

Recommended Keratin videos



References:
Image by Alexandr Ivanov from Pixabay
Image by jacqueline macou from Pixabay
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